FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

General about Fundamental Rights

ART12.In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, “the State” includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India.

ART13. (1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.

(2) The State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by this Part and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void.

(3) In this article, unless the context otherwise requires,—

(a) “law” includes any Ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usage having in the territory of India the force of law;

(b) “laws in force” includes laws passed or made by a Legislature or other competent authority in the territory of India before the commencement of this Constitution and not previously repealed, notwithstanding that any such law or any part thereof may not be then in operation either at all or in particular areas.

1[(4) Nothing in this article shall apply to any amendment of this Constitution made under article 368.] Right to Equality 14. The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

CITIZENSHIP

Article 5, At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and—

(a) who was born in the territory of India; or
(b) either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or
(c) who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

Article 6, Notwithstanding anything in article 5, a person who has migrated to the territory of India from the territory now included in Pakistan shall be deemed to be a citizen of India at the commencement of this Constitution if—
(a) he or either of his parents or any of his grandparents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted); and
(b) (i) in the case where such person has so migrated before the nineteenth day of July, 1948, he has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India since the date of his migration, or
(ii) in the case where such person has so migrated on or after the nineteenth day of July, 1948, he has been registered as a citizen of India by an officer appointed in that behalf by the Government of the Dominion of India on an application made by him therefor to such officer before the commencement of this Constitution in the form and manner prescribed by that Government: Provided that no person shall be so registered unless he has been resident in the territory of India for at least six months immediately preceding the date of his application.

Article 7, Notwithstanding anything in articles 5 and 6, a person who has after the first day of March, 1947,
migrated from the territory of India to the territory now included in Pakistan shall not be deemed to be a citizen
of India: Provided that nothing in this article shall apply to a person who, after having so migrated to the territory now included in Pakistan, has returned to the territory of India under a permit for resettlement or permanent return issued by or under the authority of any law and every such person shall for the purposes of clause (b) of article 6 be deemed to have migrated to the territory of India after the nineteenth day of July, 1948.

Article 8. Notwithstanding anything in article 5, any person who or either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted), and who is
ordinarily residing in any country outside India as so defined shall be deemed to be a citizen of India if he has
been registered as a citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representative of India in the country where he
is for the time being residing on an application made by him therefor to such diplomatic or consular representative, whether before or after the commencement of this Constitution, in the form and manner prescribed by the Government of the Dominion of India or the Government of India.

Article 9. No person shall be a citizen of India by virtue of article 5, or be deemed to be a citizen of India by virtue of article 6 or article 8, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

Article 10. Every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India under any of the foregoing provisions of this
Part shall, subject to the provisions of any law that may be made by Parliament, continue to be such citizen.

Article 11. Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Part shall derogate from the power of Parliament to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a 1[SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC] and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the 2[unity and integrity of the Nation];
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twentysixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

Eligibility Criteria Nursing Programs

Revised from 2012-13 Academic year

A. N. M.

The minimum age for admission shall be 17 years on or before 31st December of the year in which admission is sought.

The maximum age for admission shall be 35 years.

The minimum educational requirements shall be 10 + 2 in Arts (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Biotechnology, Economics, Political Science, History, Geography, Business Studies, Accountancy, Home Science, Sociology, Psychology, and Philosophy) and English Core/English Elective or Science or Health care Science – Vocational stream ONLY passing out from recognized Board.

Student shall be medically fit.

Students qualified in 10+2 Arts or Science examination conducted by National Institute of Open School.

Student shall be admitted once in a year.

G. N. M.

Minimum and Maximum age for admission will be 17 and 35 years. There is no age bar for ANM/LHV.

Minimum education:

10+2 class passed preferably Science (PCB) & English with aggregate of 40% marks.

10+2 in Arts (Mathematics, Biotechnology, Economics, Political Science, History, Geography, Business Studies, Accountancy, Home Science, Sociology, Psychology, Philosophy) and English Core/English Elective or Health care Science – Vocational stream ONLY, passing out from recognized Board under AISSCE/CBSE/ICSE/SSCE/HSCE or other equivalent Board with 40% marks.

10+2 vocational ANM under CBSE Board or other equivalent board from the school and recognized by Indian Nursing Council with 40% marks.

Registered as ANM with State Nursing Registration Council.

Student shall be medically fit.

Students qualified in 10+2 Arts or Science examination or Health care Science – Vocational stream ONLY conducted by National Institute of Open School with 40% marks.

Student shall be admitted once in a year.

B. Sc. (N)

The minimum age for admission shall be 17 years on 31st December of the year in which admission is sought.
Minimum education:

10+2 class passed with Science (PCB) & English Core/English Elective with aggregate of 45% marks from recognized board under AISSCE/CBSE/ICSE/SSCE/HSCE or other equivalent Board.

Student shall be medically fit.

Students appearing in 10+2 examination in Science conducted by National Institute of Open School with 45% marks.
Student shall be admitted once in a year.

Post Basic B. Sc. (N)

Passed the Higher Secondary or Senior Secondary or Intermediate or 10+2 or an equivalent examination recognized by the university for this purpose. Those who have done 10+1 in or before 1986, will be eligible for admission.

Obtained a certificate in General Nursing and Midwifery and registered as R.N.R.M. with the State Nurses Registration Council. A male nurse, trained before the implementation of the new integrated course besides being registered as a nurse with State Nurses Registration Council, shall produce evidence of training approved by Indian Nursing Council for a similar duration in lieu of midwifery in any one of the following areas:
O.T. Techniques
Ophthalmic Nursing
Leprosy Nursing
TB Nursing
Psychiatric Nursing
Neurological and Neuro surgical Nursing
Community Health Nursing
Cancer Nursing
Orthopedic Nursing
Candidates shall be medically fit.

Students shall be admitted once in a year.
M. Sc. (N)

The candidate should be a Registered Nurse and Registered midwife of equivalent with any State Nursing Registration Council.

The Minimum education requirements shall be the passing of: B.Sc. Nursing/B.Sc. Hons. Nursing/Post Basic B.Sc.

Nursing with minimum of 55% aggregate marks.

The candidate should have undergone in B.Sc. Nursing / B.Sc. Hons. Nursing / Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing in an institution which is recognized by Indian Nursing Council.

Minimum one year of work experience after Basic B.Sc. Nursing.

Minimum one year of work experience prior or after Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing.

NOTE: Simultaneous attendance in other courses is not permitted. It will be applicable to all the above courses.

Source: for more info and apply click here

GST Sends Services Activity Plunging Most In 4 Years

Bengaluru: Activity in India’s predominant administration area contracted at the most keen rate in about four years in July after another assessment strategy sowed disarray and sent new requests into free fall, a study appeared on Thursday. Starting disarray on the national merchandise and ventures impose (GST) drove July’s Nikkei/IHS Markit composite Purchasing Managers’ Index, which measures both assembling and administrations movement, to sink to 46.0 – its least perusing since March 2009 – from June’s eight-month high of 52.7.

The PMI for India’s overwhelming administration industry dropped to a close to four-year low of 45.9 in July from 53.1. June’s perusing had been the most astounding since Prime Minister Narendra Modi restricted high-esteem cash notes in November.

The most recent review is the first run through in a half year where the administrations perusing was beneath the 50 check that isolates development from withdrawal.

“PMI information for July feature an inversion in fortunes crosswise over India, with the economy going into switch mode subsequent to seeing a get in development energy amid June,” said Pollyanna de Lima, primary financial analyst at IHS Markit.

“A large portion of the constriction was credited to the execution of the merchandise and enterprises impose (GST) and the perplexity it caused.”

Surging costs caused by the expense, actualized on July 1, scratched interest for administrations and pushed the sub-record on new business to 45.2 in July, its least in about four years, from 53.3 in June.

Correspondingly, perplexity among makers over the evaluating of their items after the GST was actualized dragged manufacturing plant action to its most minimal level in over nine years in July, a sister study appeared on Tuesday.

In spite of introductory GST interruptions, members in the overview stayed idealistic about development in administrations movement over the coming year, which helped the business desire sub-list to a 11-month high.

“Many will address how profound an effect the GST will have on the economy in the close and long haul, firms appear to be persuaded that prospects will light up as the new expense administration progresses toward becoming clearer,” said Ms de Lima.

The GST means to supplant different falling duties. The change should enable India to recover its position as the quickest developing real economy this year, market analysts surveyed by Reuters a month ago said.

On Wednesday, the Reserve Bank of India cut its approach rate by 25 premise focuses to 6.0 for each penny, which should help development.

Accounts and Records required to be maintained under GST

All You Need to Know

Appraisal in GST is predominantly centered around self-evaluation by the citizens themselves. Each citizen is required to self-survey the charges payable and outfit an arrival for each assessment period i.e. the period for which return is required to be documented. The consistence check is finished by the office through investigation of profits,

review or potentially examination. In this way the consistence confirmation is to be done through narrative checks as opposed to physical controls. This requires certain commitments to be thrown on the citizen for keeping and keeping up records and records.

Image result for accounts and records under gst

Key focuses that are huge from the point of view of upkeep of records and records are:

1. Area 35 of the CGST Act and “Records and Records” Rules (hereinafter alluded to as guidelines) give that each enlisted individual should keep and keep up all records at his primary place of business. It has thrown the duty on the proprietor or administrator of distribution center or godown or some other place utilized for capacity of products and on each transporter to keep up indicated records.

The area likewise enables the Commissioner to advise a class of assessable people to keep up extra records or archives for indicated reason or to keep up accounts in other endorsed way.

It additionally gives that each enlisted individual whose turnover amid a budgetary year surpasses as far as possible should get his records reviewed by a contracted bookkeeper or a cost bookkeeper.

2. Each enlisted individual is required to keep up genuine and revise record of following:

(a) generation or fabricate of products

(b) internal and outward supply of merchandise or benefits or both

(c) load of products

(d) input charge credit profited

(e) yield assess payable and paid and

(f) such different particulars as might be recommended

(g) merchandise or administrations imported or sent out or

(h) supplies drawing in installment of assessment on invert accuse along of the applicable reports, including solicitations, bills of supply, conveyance challans, credit notes, charge notes, receipt vouchers, installment vouchers, discount vouchers and e-way charges

The previously mentioned list is on a full scale level and what should be put away on ground level as a feature of the rundown is given beneath:

(a) records of stock in regard of merchandise got and provided; and such record might contain particulars of the opening equalization, receipt, supply, products lost, stolen, decimated, discounted or discarded by method for blessing or free examples and adjust of stock including crude materials, completed products, scrap and wastage thereof

(b) a different record of advances got, paid and modifications made thereto

(c) a record containing the subtle elements of expense payable, impose gathered and paid, input charge, input assess credit

asserted together with an enlist of duty receipt, credit note, charge note, conveyance challan issued or gotten amid any expense period

(d) names and finish locations of providers from whom merchandise or administrations chargeable to impose under the Act, have been gotten

(e) names and finish delivers of the people to whom supplies have been made

(f) the total locations of the premises where the products are put away including merchandise put away amid travel alongside the particulars of the stock put away in that

(g) month to month generation accounts demonstrating the quantitative points of interest of crude materials or administrations utilized as a part of the make and quantitative subtle elements of the merchandise so made including the waste and by items thereof

(h) accounts demonstrating the quantitative points of interest of merchandise utilized as a part of the arrangement of administrations, subtle elements of info administrations used and the administrations provided

(i) isolate represents works contract appearing:

• the names and addresses of the people for whose benefit the works contract is executed

• portrayal, esteem and amount (wherever pertinent) of products or administrations gotten for the execution of works contract

• portrayal, esteem and amount (wherever material) of products or administrations used in the execution of works contract

• the subtle elements of installment gotten in regard of each works contract and

• the names and addresses of providers from whom he has gotten products or administrations

3. On the off chance that more than one place of business is determined in the testament of enrollment, the records identifying with each place of business should be kept at such places of business. On the off chance that records can be kept up electronically and access to such records is at each place of business, no necessity to keep up printed copy records at each place of business.

4. In the event that records are looked after electronically, following prerequisites have been endorsed:

(an) information so put away should be validated by method for computerized signature

(b) appropriate go down of records

(c) create, on request, the important records or archives, properly validated, in printed version or in any electronically lucid organization

5. Any section in registers, records and archives might not be eradicated, destroyed or overwritten and all wrong passages, other than those of administrative nature, should be scored out under validation and from that point the right passage might be recorded and where the registers and different reports are looked after electronically, a log of each passage altered or erased might be kept up.

Advance every volume of books of record kept up physically by the enrolled individual should be serially numbered

6. Period for safeguarding of records: All records kept up together with all solicitations, bills of supply, credit and charge notes, and conveyance challans identifying with stocks, conveyances, internal supply and outward supply might be saved for a long time from the due date of outfitting of yearly return for the year relating to such records and records.

7. Records to be kept up by proprietor or administrator of godown or distribution center and transporters: The transporters, proprietors or administrators of godowns, if not effectively enlisted under the GST Act(s), might present the insights with respect to their business electronically on the Common Portal in FORM GST ENR-01. A one of a kind enrolment number might be created and conveyed to them. A man in whatever other State or Union region might be regarded to be selected in the State or Union Territory.

A quick guide to India GST rates in 2017

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been one of the key things that has caught the attention of the market given its implications on earnings of companies. The government has kept a large number of items under 18% tax slab. The government categorised 1211 items under various tax slabs. Here is a low-down on the tax slab these items would attract:

Here is the complete updated list:

Gold and rough diamonds do not fall under the current rate slab ambit and will be taxed at 3% and 0.25% respectively.

No tax(0%) 

Goods
No tax will be imposed on items like Jute, fresh meat, fish chicken, eggs, milk, butter milk, curd, natural honey, fresh fruits and vegetables, flour, besan, bread, prasad, salt, bindi. Sindoor, stamps, judicial papers, printed books, newspapers, bangles, handloom, and horn cores, bone grist, bone meal, etc.; hoof meal, horn meal, Cereal grains hulled, Palmyra jaggery, Salt – all types, Kajal, Children’s’ picture, drawing or colouring books, Human hair

Image result for gst tax rates in india 2017

Services
Hotels and lodges with tariff below Rs 1,000, Grandfathering service has been exempted under GST. Rough precious and semi-precious stones will attract GST rate of 0.25 per cent.

5%
Goods
Items such as fish fillet, Apparel below Rs 1000, packaged food items, footwear below Rs 500, cream, skimmed milk powder, branded paneer, frozen vegetables, coffee, tea, spices, pizza bread, rusk, sabudana, kerosene, coal, medicines, stent, lifeboats, Cashew nut, Cashew nut in shell, Raisin, Ice and snow, Bio gas, Insulin, Agarbatti, Kites, Postage or revenue stamps, stamp-post marks, first-day coversServices

Transport services (Railways, air transport), small restraurants will be under the 5% category because their main input is petroleum, which is outside GST ambit.

12%
Goods
Apparel above Rs 1000, frozen meat products , butter, cheese, ghee, dry fruits in packaged form, animal fat, sausage, fruit juices, Bhutia, namkeen, Ayurvedic medicines, tooth powder, agarbatti, colouring books, picture books, umbrella, sewing machine, cellphones, Ketchup & Sauces, All diagnostic kits and reagents, Exercise books and note books, Spoons, forks, ladles, skimmers, cake servers, fish knives, tongs, Spectacles, corrective, Playing cards, chess board, carom board and other board games, like ludo,

Services
State-run lotteries, Non-AC hotels, business class air ticket, fertilisers, Work Contracts will fall under 12 per cent GST tax slab

18%
Goods
Most items are under this tax slab which include footwear costing more than Rs 500, Trademarks, goodwill, software, Bidi Patta, Biscuits (All catogories), flavoured refined sugar, pasta, cornflakes, pastries and cakes, preserved vegetables, jams, sauces, soups, ice cream, instant food mixes, mineral water, tissues, envelopes, tampons, note books, steel products, printed circuits, camera, speakers and monitors, Kajal pencil sticks, Headgear and parts thereof, Aluminium foil, Weighing Machinery [other than electric or electronic weighing machinery], Printers [other than multifunction printers], Electrical Transformer, CCTV, Optical Fiber, Bamboo furniture, Swimming pools and padding pools, Curry paste; mayonnaise and salad dressings; mixed condiments and mixed seasonings.
Services
AC hotels that serve liquor, telecom services, IT services, branded garments and financial services will attract 18 per cent tax under GST, Room tariffs between Rs 2,500 and Rs 7,500, Restaurants inside five-star hotels28%
Goods
Bidis, chewing gum, molasses, chocolate not containing cocoa, waffles and wafers coated with choclate, pan masala, aerated water, paint, deodorants, shaving creams, after shave, hair shampoo, dye, sunscreen, wallpaper, ceramic tiles, water heater, dishwasher, weighing machine, washing machine, ATM, vending machines, vacuum cleaner, shavers, hair clippers, automobiles, motorcycles, aircraft for personal use, will attract 28 % tax – the highest under GST system.

Services
Private-run lotteries authorised by the states, hotels with room tariffs above Rs 7,500, 5-star hotels, race club betting, cinema will attract tax 28 per cent tax slab under GST

GST Rates & HSN Codes

gst india
GST council has made the much-awaited announcements around tax rates on various categories of goods on day one of a two-day meeting of the said council at Srinagar. There has been a hype around these rates for a while and now these rates are finally in the public domain.

As soon as the GST rates were announced a huge wave of curiosity hit across industry and trade bodies. Everyone is evaluating their position as a result of this change. So in this article, we bring you our analysis of these GST rates.

We already know that the GST slabs are pegged at 5%, 12%, 18% & 28%. According to the latest news from the GST council, the tax structure for common-use goods are as under:

GST Rates Structure

Tax Rates Products
0% Milk Kajal
Eggs Educations Services
Curd Health Services
Lassi Children’s Drawing & Colouring Books
Unpacked Foodgrains Unbranded Atta
Unpacked Paneer Unbranded Maida
Gur Besan
Unbranded Natural Honey Prasad
Fresh Vegetables Palmyra Jaggery
Salt Phool Bhari Jhadoo
5% Sugar Packed Paneer
Tea Coal
Edible Oils Raisin
Domestic LPG Roasted Coffee Beans
PDS Kerosene Skimmed Milk Powder
Cashew Nuts Footwear (< Rs.500)
Milk Food for Babies Apparels (< Rs.1000)
Fabric Coir Mats, Matting & Floor Covering
Spices Agarbatti
Coal Mishti/Mithai (Indian Sweets)
Life-saving drugs Coffee (except instant)
12% Butter Computers
Ghee Processed food
Almonds Mobiles
Fruit Juice Preparations of Vegetables, Fruits, Nuts or other parts of Plants including Pickle Murabba, Chutney, Jam, Jelly
Packed Coconut Water Umbrella
18% Hair Oil Capital goods
Toothpaste Industrial Intermediaries
Soap Ice-cream
Pasta Toiletries
Corn Flakes Computers
Soups Printers
28% Small cars (+1% or 3% cess) High-end motorcycles (+15% cess)
Consumer durables such as AC and fridge Beedis are NOT included here
Luxury & sin items like BMWs, cigarettes and aerated drinks (+15% cess)

In addition to the above, a few other items were mentioned in the Council’s announcement of rates. These items, and the applicable rates on them are as follows:GST Rates

  • Sugar, Tea, Coffee and Edible oil will fall under the 5 per cent slab, while cereals, milk will be part of the exempt list under GST. This is to ensure that basic goods are available at affordable prices. However, instant food has been kept outside this bracket so, no relief for Maggie lovers!
  • The Council has set the rate for capital goods and industrial intermediate items at 18 per cent. This will positively impact domestic manufacturers as seamless input credit will be available for all capital goods. Indeed, it is time for “Make In India”.
  • Coal to be taxed at 5 percent against current 11.69 per cent. This will prove beneficial for the power sector and heavy industries which rely on coal supply. This will also help curb inflation. Expect a good run for Coal India tomorrow.
  • Toothpaste, hair oil, and soaps will all be taxed at 18 percent, where currently they are taxed at 28 percent. Most of the cosmetics and fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) brands should get the benefit of this tax reduction. After all, Fair and Lovely might seem fairer in its pricing from now on!
  • The ‘mithai’ from the neighbouring sweet shop might lose some of its flavour as Indian sweets will now be taxable at 5 per cent. If you have a sweet tooth, this could hurt your pocket a wee bit in the coming days.

Plus, it was announced that:

  • for restaurants serving alcohol, the tax bracket will be 18 per cent
  • education, healthcare are going to be exempted from GST
  • services on Non-AC restaurants will be 12 per cent

    Ref: https://cleartax.in

The History behind the names of places and streets in Hyderabad

Image result for about hyderabad

How many of us know the History behind the names of places and streets in Hyderabad? Here are some interesting facts from history —

1) Nampally:
Raza Ali Khan, was the Dewan of Nizam’s State in 1670 AD. His Title was ‘Nekh Nam Khan’ A jagir was granted to him, which came to be called nekh-Nampally. This became ‘Nampally’.

2) Begumpet:
Basheerunnissa Begum, daughter of Nizam II was married to a Paigah noble. She received lands in dowry. The village came to be known as Begumpet.

About hyderabad

3) Khairatabad:
The jagir granted to Khairunnisa Begum daughrer of Ibrahim Qutub Shah, came to be known as Khairatabad.

4) Begum Bazar:
Land gifted by Humda Begum ( the wife of Nizam Ali Khan Nizamul Mulk) to the merchants of Hyderabad for trade and commerce, finally developed as Begum Bazar.

Hyderabad

5) Sultan Bazar:
After 1933, the Residency bazar was renamed Sultan Bazar, when these areas were returned to the Nizam, by the British (Residency).

6) Afzal Gunj:
The Vth Nizam (Afzalud Dawlah) gifted land to the grain merchants for trade and commerce. The place was named Afzal Gunj.

7) Secunderabad:
Named after Sikander Jha (1806) (IIIrd Nizam). The Village where British troops were stationed.

8) Ma Saheba Ka Talab:
Hayat Bakshi Begum, wife of Quli Qutub Shah-VI, was called Ma Saheba. The tank constructed by her to irrigate lands of Mallepally village, was called Masaheba ka Talab. Finally it came to be called Masab Tank.

9) Kadve Saheb Ki Galli (lane):
After a person, who was always angry-faced and talked ill of others. This lane is in the old city.

10) Himayat Nagar:
New locality named after Himayat Ali Khan – Azam Jha – eldest son of VIIth Nizam – Osman Ali Khan (in 1933). His name was Himayat Ali Khan.

11) Hyderguda:
New locality named after Hyder Ali, who was 1st Talukhdar (District Collector) and owned lands in the village formerly the Jagir of Vaheed Unnisa Begum, wife of Nizam. The locality is called after him, as Hyderguda.

12) Basheer Bagh:
The garden of Sir Asman Jha, Basirud-dulah – a Paigah Noble, who had a palace at the Garden.

13) Somajiguda:
A revenue department employee, named Sonaji, who owned lands and resided in this village. Sonaji became Somaji and the hamlet came to be called ‘Somajiguda’. (Guda is from Godem a hamlet).

14) Malakpet:
Named after Malik Yakoob, a servant of Abdulah Qutub Shah Golconda King where he resided had a market, hence the name Malakpet.

15) Saidabad:
A Jagir village of Sayed Meer Momin, Dewan of Golconda (1591).

16) Abid’s Shop:
A Valet and steward of Nizam (VI) Mahboob Ali Khan. This man had his first shop here.

17) Saroornagar:
Named after Sarwari Afzal Bai, mistress of Arasthu Jha. Dewan of Hyderabad, who granted a Jagir,and constructed a palace and Garden for her.

Related image

18) Debirpura:
The village named after Abdul Samad with the titles; Dabir-ul Mulk, a noble man.

19) Noor Khan Bazar:
A market developed by Noor Khan, who came from Lucknow, during the time of the II Nizam.

20) A.C.Guards:
A locality to the West of Lakdi-ka-pul. The barracks of Abyssinian Cavalry Guards of Raja of Wanaparthy (1910) (Abyssinia is the old name of Ethiopia, an East African country).

Have a nice stroll of the Twin Cities !

FIR Can Be Quashed In Part If No Cognizable Offence Is Made Out Against Accused

The Supreme Court, in a brief order, has observed that an FIR can be quashed in part against some accused against whom no cognizable offence is made out. The apex court bench comprising Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghose and Justice RF Nariman, in Lovely Salhotra vs State, set aside a Delhi High Court order and observed that the court could not refuse to quash FIR only on the ground that the investigation against co-accused is still pending.

The petitioners before the high court had sought to quash the complaint on the ground that on a reading of the FIR, no offence was made out against the petitioners.

Refusing to quash the case, the Delhi High Court had observed: “It cannot be said that on a reading of the FIR, prima facie, no cognizable offence is made out against the petitioners. Even otherwise, the FIR cannot be quashed at this stage of investigation and that too in part, since there are other accused including accused no.1 Madhvi Khurana against whom the case is under investigation.”

The apex court bench observed that the FIR is an afterthought with the sole intention to pressure the appellants not to prosecute their criminal complaint filed by them under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act. Setting aside the high court order, the bench observed: “It ought to have appreciated the fact that the appellants cannot be allowed to suffer on the basis of the complaint, only on the ground that the investigation against co-accused is still pending.”