Lawful Definition of Child

The expression “Kid” is not characterized in the Indian Constitution. As indicated by Article 1 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989, ‘a youngster means each individual underneath the age of eighteen years unless, under the law appropriate to the tyke, larger part is accomplished before’. The legitimate meaning of tyke has a tendency to rely on the reason.

There are a number enactments in India which characterizes the expression “Youngster” contingent on the reason. Under the Indian Majority Act,1875 the time of lion’s share is eighteen years and if there should arise an occurrence of a minor for whose individual and property a watchman is selected or whose property is under the supervision of the Court of Wards the time of lion’s share twenty-one years. Under the Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulations) Act, 1986, youngster means a man who has not finished his fourteenth year of age. Under the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1926, tyke implies a man who, if a male, has not finished twenty-one years old and, if a female, has not finished eighteen years old. Under Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2000, “Adolescent” or “Tyke” implies a man who has not finished eighteenth year of age.

The Indian constitution accords rights to youngsters as natives of the nation, and with regards to their unique status the State has even sanctioned extraordinary laws. The Constitution, proclaimed in 1950, envelops most rights incorporated into the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child as Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy. Throughout the years, numerous people and open vested parties have drawn nearer the zenith court for compensation of principal rights, including kid rights. The Directive Principles of State Policy articulate social and monetary rights that have been proclaimed to be “major in the administration of the nation and … the obligation of the state to apply … in making laws” (Article 37). The legislature has the adaptability to embrace suitable authoritative and regulatory measures to guarantee youngsters’ rights; no court can make the administration guarantee them, as these are basically mandates. These mandates have empowered the legal to give some point of interest judgements advancing kids’ rights, prompting Constitutional Amendments as is on account of the 86th Amendment to the Constitution that made Right to Education an essential right.

Established Guarantees that are implied particularly for youngsters include:

Right to free and obligatory rudimentary training for all kids in the 6-14 year age gathering (Article 21 A)

Right to be shielded from any risky occupation till the age of 14 years (Article 24)

Right to be shielded from being manhandled and constrained by financial need to enter occupations unsuited to their age or quality (Article 39(e))

Right to equivalent open doors and offices to create in a solid way and in states of opportunity and nobility and ensured insurance of adolescence and youth against abuse and against good and material relinquishment (Article 39 (f))

Right to ahead of schedule adolescence consideration and training to all youngsters until they finish the age of six years (Article 45)

Additionally, Children likewise have rights as equivalent natives of India, generally as whatever other grown-up male or female:

Right to uniformity (Article 14)

Right against segregation (Article 15)

Right to individual freedom and due procedure of law (Article 21)

Right to being shielded from being trafficked and constrained into fortified work (Article 23)

Right of minorities for assurance of their intrigues (Article 29)

Right of weaker areas of the general population to be shielded from social unfairness and all types of misuse (Article 46)

Right to sustenance and way of life and enhanced general wellbeing (Article

Reasons why Indian Divorce rates are Increasing

Indian divorce rate has doubled in the last 7 years. Phew, appears like the rise of ‘cheerfully ever after Indian marriage’ may burst soon! Marriages in our country are sacred, so much that the society considers it as a once in a lifetime event in a person’s life. But if statistics are to be believed, then the ‘D’ word is no longer a taboo in public these days.

Whether you blame it on westernization of our culture or the liberal attitudes of people, call it good news or bad news, the new-age Indian couples do not mind acknowledging divorce as a key to step out of their unhappy marriage.

Indian Divorce rates

What are the reasons why more couples are filing for divorce? Below are five reasons we can think of:
A social stigma? Not any longer.

There is an outlook change in the attitude of the general population. The social shame tag is blurring without end and society has understood that it is ideal to end a marriage, in which both of the accomplices is enduring. These days, a divorcee can undoubtedly move in the social circle or think about how possible it is of remarriage without being looked downward on and feeling humiliated.

2. Women empowerment

Not at all like the more established era ladies, who were subject to their spouses/in-laws and traded off self bliss for an enduring marriage, today’s advanced ladies are monetarily autonomous, all around educated and don’t delay to secure their rights. They need to settle on their own choices relating to training, vocation or marriage.

3. Less respect/regard for marriage

Prior, the couples bowed down to the weights of society to make their marriage work. On the other hand, today, the couples take their connections calmly and may make a beeline for the court without attempting to take a shot at the conceivable answers for recovery their relational unions. Additionally, the developing number of live seeing someone, dating and wedding sites, person to person communication and advanced media stages, and also profession minded couples has likewise extensively made individuals less tolerant and aware of the holiness of the organization of marriage.

4. Similarity

Nowadays, men and ladies have a powerful urge to feel associated with their life partners on scholarly, enthusiastic, expert, or sexual levels for an effective relationship. Following a couple of months or years into the matrimonial bunch, in the event that they understand that they are not good with one another or don’t share regular intrigues, they may wouldn’t fret saying farewell to their marriage.

5. Charges under IPC 498A

IPC 498A was acquainted with give lawful assurance to wedded ladies who were subjected to mental and physical provocation by her spouse or spouse’s relatives. Be that as it may, it has been seen that at times that the wedded female and her fatherly family have been making so as to abuse this demonstration false bodies of evidence against the spouse or his crew. In such a situation, if the protestation ends up being false, then the spouse is qualified for divorce.

The alarming increase in the number of divorces in India is an actuality that we can no more deny.

Peter Mukerjea experiences lie-finder test

New Delhi, Nov 28: Former media aristocrat Peter Mukejea today experienced an untruth indicator test here regarding the three-year old breathtaking homicide of his stride girl Sheena Bora. CBI sources said a few inquiries in regards to the wrongdoing, his discussions with his wife Indrani Mukerjea and his own particular proclamations were put to him amid the test by CBI authorities at the Central Forensic Science Laboratory.

They said there were a few inquiries where there were signs of “misdirection”. The office has gotten the gesture from an extraordinary court here to subject Peter to polygraph tests. The organization will need to deliver Peter under the watchful eye of an extraordinary court in Mumbai on Monday which has given it his guardianship. CBI has subjected Mukerjea to serious addressing since November 19 when he was taken into authority which ran from claimed siphoning off assets from the media house established by him and Indrani, abroad record of Sheena Bora, relations between relatives, missing points of interest of Sheena and his discussions with his child Rahul. Perused More: Sheena Bora homicide case: Peter Mukerjea ends quiet on child Rahul The sources guaranteed that on numerous records his answers were purportedly not persuading and changing which provoked CBI to put him to polygraph test.

Maggi Noodles are back on the shelves

26 Nov, 2015

Maggi noodles return to shelves to hungry welcome

Maggi noodles are back on the shelves, and disappearing quickly as Maggi two-minute noodle lovers are returning to their favourite brand discarding the substitutes they had purchased in the past few months.

Maggi Noodles are back on the shelves

“The response is great, people prefer buying small
packets of Maggi and the product is bought at a fast pace,” said Olga Braganza, who sells the product at her shop in Mapusa. Nestle India Ltd has commenced manufacturing variants of Maggi instant noodles at its Maulinguem, Bicholim plant after the product cleared mandated tests at three government laboratories.

The noodles had been taken off the shelves after Maggi Noodles are back on the shelvesexcess lead had been found in the product. Their return has come as a huge relief to all Maggi lovers.
“It has become the latest trend since Maggi has turned into a lost-and-found celebrity among youth.

The brand has been in many homes and a part of a lot of people’s happiness. We all knew that Maggi would eventually come back with a bang,” said Ojas Raman, a student of Chowgule College.

The company is also leaving no stone unturned to push its brand back in the market as it has launched an advertisement with an emotional appeal that proclaims Maggi has always been safe. This is perhaps working.

“Maggi has gone viral within two days of its return. The box of Maggi delivered in the morning gets over by afternoon. This is how much everyone loves Maggi,” Chhotelal Gupta, a shopkeeper in Panjim, said. On an average three boxes per shop are distributed at present and the company has retained the price.

Maggi Noodles are back on the shelves

Social networking sites too are abuzz with the latest development terming it as ‘Maggi returns’ with youth posting selfies with packets of Maggi noodles.
The noodles continue to be tagged as the fastest, easiest and tastiest food product for consumption. “When you live at a hostel, far from home, Maggi is your only solution for hunger. It was bad news when Maggi was banned, but now everything will be back in place since it has returned. Maggi has saved us. The day it came in the stores, I bought it immediately,” said Aliston Rodrigues, a resident of Margao.

Working women who have limited time to cook have also welcomed the return of the noodles. “I have been consuming Maggi from a long time and never found anything wrong health wise. I never believed that Maggi wasn’t safe and now that it has returned, it’s a huge relief for working women, who also handle the household,” said Sarah Baptista, a teacher at Margao’s Loyola High School.

A complaint under section 498A

False case against husband – Misuse of Section 498A?

Woman lodges a complaint under section 498A, husband and in-laws arrested.”

A newspaper headline, for example, above isA complaint under section 498A
certain to collect sensitivity for the casualty from general society and the media. In any case, once in a while do we consider over who may be the genuine casualty here – the wife or the spouse? As of late, a few cases, where the spouse and his family were wrongly denounced and caught under the area 498A of Indian Penal Code, have come into general society eye. Does this imply area 498A is being abused? Maybe yes, in light of the fact that there have been frightfulness stories of legitimate coercions, outlandish claims and shakedown by ladies under this area.

One of these stories is of a Pune based couple,
Romesh Marathe and his wife Supriya (names changed), who had hitched in March 2001. Because of conjugal question with the wife needing to stay independently, Romesh petitioned for a separation in June 2003. Be that as it may, after a month, Romesh alongside his mom and three different relatives, were captured and sent to the care in an endowment provocation case documented by Supriya.

A complaint under section 498A

Because of absence of any confirmation, Romesh and his close relations were demonstrated honest by a judge’s court. Later, Romesh again made a separation request on the grounds of remorselessness by the wife. The family court did not concede the separation, expressing that one particular dissension by wife can not be refered to as mercilessness. Romesh moved to the Bombay High Court, which acknowledged Romesh’s conflict that the false assertions by wife had brought about him mental savagery and qualified him for a separation.

A complaint under section 498A

Like Romesh, there are a few other blameless wedded men who are confronting the brunt of misuse of the forces under the segment 498A. Essentially, a hostile to endowment law framed to secure ladies, segment 498A is currently viewed as a harmful lawful weapon in a lady’s shield. Truth be told, by “in India 2012 Statistics” distributed by the National Crime Records Bureau, area 498A itself represented 6% of all captures, however the conviction rate was just 15%!

Keeping in mind the end goal to avert unlawful captures or comparable dangers of the area 498A charged, the Supreme Court in its most recent judgment (second July, 2014), has authorized a 9 point agenda for police under segment 41 of the Criminal Procedure Code. The agenda recommends Do’s and Don’t’s, to be alluded to by the police before capturing the denounced. Further, on the off chance that the capture is made, then the officer ought to permit the detainment just if the agenda accepts along these lines, or else he can approve the arrival of the blamed.

This new advancement in the connection of area 498A was long late and is an appreciated news of help. We can only hope that there are no further legal loopholes or new judgements to bypass the section 41 and give undue advantage to the section 498A.

Indian lawful and sacred history

1. Indian Legal and Constitutional History Dr. Saurabh Chaturvedi

2. East India Company The first East India Company was fused in England under a Charter conceded by Queen Elizabeth on 31st Dec 1600 AD, for the sake of ” The Governor and Company of Merchants of London exchanging into East Indies” The individuals from the Company needed to choose 24 individuals yearly to frame Court of Directors and a Governor, qualified to re-choose. Having select rights to exchange all parts of Asia, Africa and America aside from Europe. At first the sanction was allowed for a long time renewable to 15 more years.

3. East India Company • The Company was approved to make enactments including common and criminal laws, Orders and the Constitution relevant on its kin( English) for • great administration • Advancement and continuation of its exchange and activity The Company was engaged to force Punishments by method for Imprisonment ,Fine and relinquishment of products/vessles. Ruler’s Commission Issuance of Royal Commission by Queen Elizabeth (1601) and strengthening of Commander-in-Chief to honour the death penalty to wrongdoers(Subject to the endorsement of a Jury constituted by 12 individuals from Company itself) Era of James I, Empowerment of Company to allow Royal Commission(1615) In 1623 conceded the Company’s Presidents/Chief Officers the same forces relevant in their Company’s foundation/port or land

4. East India Company Issues 1. The English law could germ out of which Anglo-Indian codes were eventually created. 2. The Company was outfitted with sufficient power to uphold discipline amongst its hirelings both on the high oceans and on the Indian soil

5. Bombay 1684-1690 • Bombay second Stage • Establishment of Admiralty Court(1684) having Jurisdiction on Civil, Criminal and Maritime matters • Appointment of Dr. John St. John as Advocate General • Conflict in the middle of The Governor Child and Dr. John on different issues • Reduction of Jurisdiction of Admiralty Court to oceanic matters just • Appointment of V au x as a Judge in another Court to investigate Civil and Criminal matters • Conflict in Jurisdictional issue between the Courts of V au x and Dr. John • Conflict in the middle of Executive and Judiciary

6. Bombay 1684-1690 • Dismissal of Dr. John Issues • Overlapping forces of Executive and Judiciary • Attitude issue of Legal experts • Intolerance of Judicial freedom • Judge made laws surpassing English laws n translating diversely • End of Bombay Judicial System by assault of Moghul Admiral Siddi Yakub in 1690-1718 as dim period

7. Bombay 1718-1726 third Stage • Establishment of another Judicial framework following 30 years in 1718 • Appointment of a Chief Justice and 9 different Judges • Five British n 4 India Judges from Hindu, Muslim, Portuguese Christian + Parsis, one each. • Jurisdiction to judge all instances of Civil, Criminal, Military and Testamentary • Work as Registrar of steady Property

8. Bombay 1718-1726 • No equivalent status to Indian Judges • Due respect to standing custom and neighborhood conventions alongside English laws • Appeal to Governor and Council • Inexpensive and snappy grant in light of sound judgment • Stringent discipline to criminal and Debtors • Rama Kamati’s Case

9. Calcutta 1690-1726 The Company secured Zamindari of 3 neighboring towns ,Sutanti, Calcutta and Govindpur@ 1195 Rs. P.a. from Prince Azmaish shah( Grand Son of Aurangzeb, then Subedar of Bangal) In 1668 a braced plant was built as Fort William On the bank of waterway Hugli(Sutanti)a few Englishmen arrived on 24th Aug.1690,under the authority of James Charnock. Procurement of zamindari was a huge occasion for Company through it organization secured a legitimate and established status inside of Moghul authoritative apparatus. Organization got to be qualified for activity each one of those capacities and forces inside of the zamindari domain.

10. Calcutta 1690-1726 Dec.1699 Calcutta got to be Presidency. A Governor(President) and a Council was designated to regulate the settlement. English Judicial System in Calcutta The zamindari elements of the Company, inside of the settlement of Calcutta, were endowed to an English Officer called Collector, who used to be an individual from Governor’s Council Collector had legal forces in all Civil, Criminal and Revenue cases relating to the Indian occupants

11. Calcutta 1690-1726 Besides this a parallel Court of Zamindar was likewise in presence and managing common instances of nearby Indian individuals as indicated by traditions and use and caution for which claims lay to the Governor and Council. Assessment Parallel equity organization arrangement of Nawab and Company and endorsement before the death penalty Lack of unbiased organization of equit

Child Labour

The issue of tyke work keeps on representing a test before the country. Government has been taking different professional dynamic measures to handle this issue. In any case, considering the size and degree of the issue and that it is basically a financial issue inseparably connected to neediness and ignorance, it requires coordinated endeavour from all segments of the general public to make a scratch in the issue.

As per the Census 2001 figures there are 1.26 crore working youngsters in the age gathering of 5-14 when contrasted with the aggregate tyke populace of 25.2 crore. There are around 12 lakhs kids working in the risky occupations/forms which are secured under the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act i.e. 18 occupations and 65 forms. According to overview directed by National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) in 2004-05, the quantity of working youngsters is evaluated at 90.75 lakh. According to Census 2011, the quantity of working kids in the age gathering of 5-14 years has further lessened to 43.53 lakh. It demonstrates that the endeavour of the Government have borne the craved organic products.

Route in 1979, Government framed the first panel called Gurupadswamy Committee to examine the issue of youngster work and to propose measures to handle it. The Committee inspected the issue in point of interest and made some sweeping proposals. It watched that the length of destitution proceeded with, it is hard to thoroughly take out kid work and henceforth, any endeavour to cancel it through lawful plan of action would not be a viable suggestion. The Committee felt that in the circumstances, the main option left was to boycott tyke work in perilous territories and to manage and enhance the states of work in different ranges. It suggested that a numerous strategy methodology was required in managing the issues of working youngsters.

In view of the suggestions of Gurupadaswamy Committee, the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act was sanctioned in 1986. The Act denies vocation of youngsters in certain predefined dangerous occupations and forms and controls the working conditions in others. The run down of risky occupations and procedures is continuously being developed the suggestion of Child Labour Technical Advisory Committee constituted under the Act.

In consonance with the above methodology, a National Policy on Child Labour was figured in 1987. The Policy tries to receive a slow and successive methodology with an emphasis on recovery of kids working in dangerous occupations and procedures in the first occurrence. The Action Plan illustrated in the Policy for handling this issue is as per the following:

Administrative Action Plan for strict requirement of Child Labour Act and other work laws to guarantee that kids are not utilized in dangerous vocations, and that the working states of youngsters working in non-perilous regions are managed as per the procurements of the Child Labour Act. It likewise involves further recognizable proof of extra occupations and procedures, which are inconvenient to the well being and security of the kids.

Centring of General Developmental Programs for Benefiting Child Labour – As destitution is the underlying driver of youngster work, the activity arrangement accentuates the need to cover these kids and their families additionally under different neediness easing and job era plans of the Government.

Undertaking Based Plan of Action conceives beginning of tasks in territories of high grouping of kid work. Compliant with this, in 1988, the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme was dispatched in 9 regions of high youngster work endemicity in the nation. The Scheme visualizes running of uncommon schools for tyke work pulled back from work. In the uncommon schools, these kids are given formal/non-formal instruction alongside professional preparing, a stipend of Rs. 150 every month, supplementary nourishment and normal well being check ups in order to set them up to join standard schools. Under the Scheme, assets are given to the District Collectors for running exceptional schools for tyke work. The majority of these schools are controlled by the NGOs in the region.

Government has as needs be been finding a way to handle this issue through strict authorization of authoritative procurements alongside concurrent rehabilitative measures. State Governments, which are the proper actualizing powers, have been directing normal assessments and attacks to identify instances of infringement. Since neediness is the main driver of this issue, and authorization alone can’t understand it, Government has been laying a considerable measure of accentuation on the restoration of these kids and on enhancing the financial states of their families.

6 most vital wellsprings of Law in India

As the inexorability of law in life of state is surely understood, the inquiry consequently yields up in the matter of how law start? What are its sources?

By wellsprings of law we mean its starting as law and the point from which it springs or radiates. As respects law there are six imperative sources.

(A) Customs
Traditions are most seasoned wellspring of law. It is the result of propensities. At the point when a specific propensity is taken after for quite a while by the general population routinely and frequently, the custom appears. At the point when composed laws were more prominent by their nonappearance in the primitive society, it was standard laws that controlled human behavior in the primitive society. It is said that lords have no energy to make custom and maybe less to wreck it. Traditions to a great extent impact the legitimate arrangement of a state and the state disposes of the terrible traditions like Sati, Polygamy, and Dowry and so on just by method for lawful inconveniences. The United Kingdom gives the best illustration of standard laws which are found in the regular law of England. In the United Kingdom the law and custom are so personally joined with one another that the infringement of tradition custom will prompt the infringement of law.

(B) Religion
The religion is another imperative wellspring of law. It assumed a vital part in the primitive period when men were all that much religious minded and without composed laws the primitive individuals obeyed religion considering it divine source. In the medieval period, a large portion of the traditions that were taken after were just religious traditions. Indeed, even today the Hindu Laws are established on the code of Manu and the Mohammedan Laws depend on the Holy Koran. The religious codes turn into a piece of the tradition that must be adhered to in the state fuses the religious codes in its lawful framework.

(C) Judicial Decisions
Since the beginning of the human civilisation the question between two gatherings is alluded to an outsider who goes about as the referee. His choice is for the most part obeyed by both the gatherings. The referee may be a tribal boss or a minister. Be that as it may, with the progression of time, the legal organ of the state is offered energy to choose cases between the gatherings. While choosing a case and purporting a judgment, the judges by and large apply their own particular sound judgment and equity. This is known as Judge-put forth laws or defense laws. Equity Holmes Commented that “judges do and must make laws”. The standard by which a legal choice turns into a point of reference is known as “Gaze Decisis”.

(D) Scientific discourses
Boss Justice Hughes of the U.S.A. opines that ” We are living under a constitution and the constitution is the thing that the judges say it is”. The law needs translation and the experimental editorials and understandings by famous legal advisers have contributed a great deal for the advancement of a legitimate framework. The perspectives of Blackstone in the U.K., Kent in the U.S.A. have had colossal effect on the legitimate arrangement of their separate nations. The sentiments of these master legitimate illuminating presences are constantly kept in high regard by the judges and the courts.

(E) Equity
The expression “value” truly signifies ‘just’, “reasonableness” and as per ‘great heart’. At the point when the current law is insufficient or noiseless as to a specific case, the judges by and large apply their sound judgment, equity and reasonableness in managing such cases. Along these lines, without “value” the term law will be without its crucial quality.

(F) Legislation
This is the most essential and present day wellspring of law. The assembly is that organ of the state whose essential capacity is to make laws. To Leacock the governing bodies consider, examine and make laws. Along these lines, law can be characterized as the sentiment of the dominant part officials. They are recorded in the Statute Book. At the point when the governing body is not in session, the official is engaged to issue laws, orders and so forth which are comparable to the laws made by the lawmaking bodies

 

Fake currency racket busted by Hyderabad police

Hyderabad: A Bangladeshi national alongside three understudies from West Bengal, who were flowing fake cash, were captured by East Zone Police on Tuesday. Two other group individuals are slipping away. The group flowed Rs 6 lakh in fake coin at Hyderabad in July and Rs 3 lakh each at Vizag and Vijayawada in September.

Another 5 lakh were circled at Hyderabad in October, however were caught when one of the group individuals bought a pen and paid in fake money. Police captured Al Masrekin, Rajibul Hoque, Asif Iqbal and Minarul Islam, while Sofikul Islam and Shorif are slipping off.

East Zone DCP Dr P. Ravinder said that Al Masrekin, a Bangla national came to India on a visitor visa in 2009. Later he acquired an understudy visa which is legitimate up to 2016. He alongside Rajibul, Asif and Minarul framed a group.

They met Sofikul and Shorif and they likewise turned into an one of the guys. In July, Masrekin, alongside Shorif gathered Rs 6 lakh fake money from Sofikul in groups of Rs 1,000 and came to Hyderabad for flow.

“Later, he alongside Razibul and Asif went to Visakhapatnam with fake cash of `6 lakh in September and traded half of the sum in the business sector” said the DCP.

About The Passport Act 1967

Act No. 15 of 1967 dated 24th. June, 1967

About The Passport Act 1967

An Act to accommodate the issue of passports and travel reports, to manage the departure from India of citizens of India and for different persons and for matters coincidental or subordinate thereto.

Be it ordered by Parliament in the Eighteenth Year of the Republic of India as Takes after: –

1. Short title and extent

(1) This Act may be known as the Passports Act, 1967.

(2) It extends to the whole of India and applies additionally to residents of India who are outside India.

About The Passport Act 1967

Definitions :

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,
(a) “departure”, with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means
departure from India by water, land or air;
(b) “passport” means a passport issued or deemed to have been issued under this
Act;
(c) “passport authority” means an officer or authority empowered under rules
made under this Act to issue passports or travel documents and includes the Central
Government;
(d) “Prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(e) “travel document” means a travel document issued or deemed to have been
issued under this Act.

Passport for departure from India

No person shall depart from, or attempt to depart from, India unless he holds in this behalf a valid passport or travel document.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section,-

(a) “passport” includes a passport which having been issued by or under the
authority of the Government of a foreign country satisfies the conditions prescribed under the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 in respect of the 34 of 1920 class of passports to which it belongs;

(b) “travel document” includes a travel document which having been issued by or under the authority of the Government of a foreign country satisfies the conditions
prescribed.

Extension of period of passport :
Where a passport is issued for a shorter notice than the prescribed period under section 7, such shorter period shall, unless the passport authority for reasons to be recorded in writing otherwise determines, be extendable for a further period (which together with the shorter period shall not exceed the prescribed period) and provision of this Act shall apply to such extension as they apply to the issue thereof.