Liabilities of doctors under Indian Penal Code(IPC)

What is IPC?

The Indian Penal Code 1860(IPC) is the most principal record in the whole legal of India, that rundowns every one of the cases and disciplines that a man carrying out any wrongdoing is subject to be accused of, including specialists.

Arrangement of IPC According to the arrangements of Indian Penal Code 1860 (IPC), any demonstration of commission or exclusion is not a wrongdoing unless it is joined by a blameworthy personality (MENS REA).

Segments of IPC identifying with Medicalprofession Sec 52-Describes “Great Image result for Liabilities of doctorsFaith” Sec 80-Accident in doing legitimate act Sec 81,83 Sec 88-Act not planned to bring about death, one by assent in compliance with common decency for individual’s benefit Sec 90-Related to consent Sec 91,92 Sec 176-Failure to advise police when fundamental

Sec274-276-Related to contaminated of drugs
• Sec 304-A-Deals with death brought on by a careless act
• Sec 269-271-Related to spread of irresistible ailment and defiance of an isolate rule
• Sec 306-309-Are connected with abetment of suicides
• Sec 312-314-Related to creating unnatural birth cycle, premature birth and stowing away such facts
• Sec 315-316-Deals with act to counteract kid being conceived alive or to make it pass on after birth

  • Sec 319-322-Are identified with creating hurt, heinous hurt, loss of vision, loss of hearing or disfigurement
  • Sec 336-338-Deals with bringing on hurt by rash or careless act.

Key focuses to note  Thin line of contrast between Section 304 and 304-A in  Sec. 304 there is no deliberate demonstration of carelessness while in Sec 304-A the demonstration is never finished with the goal to bring about death Under Sec.304 the offense is non-bailable while in the event of Sec.304A the offense is bailable

Lawful terms utilized under IPC
• Non-Bailable offenses-Grave offenses did under Human Organ Act, 1994, are non-bailable offenses in which no safeguard is allowed and the individual is sentenced and detained for a term expanding more than ten years.
• Warrant Case-Its identified with an offense culpable with death, life detainment or detainment for over two years. On the off chance that a specialist helps a pregnant lady in disposing of the tyke or causes the tyke’s demise after birth, it speaks to a warrant case.
• Summons Cases-If a specialist demonstrations carelessly by utilizing contaminated syringe or instrument bringing about a disease to a uninfected patient, it embodies a summons case.

Non Cognizable Offenses-These are those offenses in which a cop can’t capture without a warrant. In situations where a specialist intentionally defies an isolate standard, he/she is subject to discipline of detainment up to 6 months or fine.• Mistake of Law-Also called “Ignorentia juris non excusat” which implies lack of awareness or oversight of law is not understandable. On the off chance that a specialist does a pre-birth test meaning to prematurely end a female embryo, that specialist can’t then maintain a strategic distance from indictment by saying that he was ignorant of any such law which rebuffs such act.• Res Ipsa Loquitur-This shows a circumstance of gross carelessness or thoughtlessness, for example, blood transfusion made to the wrong patient, working on the wrong patient, or on the wrong side of the body.

Incomparable Court orders accommodated theroadside accidents1. It is the obligation of the medicinal professional to go to the harmed and render restorative guide momentarily without sitting tight for procedural conventions unless the harmed individual or gatekeeper (if there should be an occurrence of minor) longings otherwise.2. The push to spare the individual and safeguard the life ought to be top need of the doctor.3. The expert commitment of ensuring life stretches out to each specialist, whether Govt. clinic or something else.

If there should be an occurrence of better or particular help required, it is the obligation of the treating specialist to see that the patient achieves the correct master as ahead of schedule as possible.5. Resistance of any of these orders may welcome arraignment under arrangements of Motor Vehicle Act or IPC(7).

Other lawful accountabilities that a specialist holds according to law
Furnishing duplicates of therapeutic records to police, court or relatives when requested, subsequent to having taken the assent of the patient.
Preserving the reports of medico legitimate, disputable or convoluted cases.
Involving restorative affiliations, medico-lawful cells, deliberate associations at whatever point lawful issue arises.

Following the lawful systems and arrangements.

Not to issue fake or counterfeit certificates.No altering or control of documents. Doctors have no immunity against arrest for the various criminal acts as per the provisions of IPC but can avoid the arrest by adhering to the prescribed laws and provisions


Hon’ble Mr. Justice Kurian Joseph 

Term of Office: (DoA) 08.03.2013 (F.N.) to (DoR) 29.11.2018


Born on 30-11-1953.

Educated at St. Joseph’s U.P. School, Chengal, Kalady, St. Sebastin’s High School, Kanjoor, Bharatha Matha College, Thrikkakara, Sree Sankara College, Kalady and the Kerala Law Academy Law College, Thiruvanathapuram.
Member of the Academic Council, Kerala University (1977- 78), was General Secretary Kerala University Union (1978), Senate member of Cochin University Mr. Justice Kurian Joseph (1983-85).

Began legal practice in 1979 in the High Court of Kerala.

Government Pleader (1987) Additional Advocate General (1994-96). Designated Senior Advocate 1996.
Judge, High Court of Kerala 12th July, 2000.

‘President, Kerala Judicial Academy (2006-08). Chairman of Lakshadweep Legal Services Authority (2008), Chairman, Kerala High Court Legal Services Committee (2006-09).

Executive Chairman, Kerala State Legal Services Authority (2009-10), Executive Committee Member, National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (2009-10).

Served twice as Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Kerala.

Chief Justice High Court of Himachal Pradesh – 8th February, 2010 to 7th March, 2013
Elevated as Judge Supreme Court of India – 8th March, 2013.
Due to retire on 29th November, 2018.


1) BANKS – Current administration charge 15% know after GST 18% Negative.

2) CONSUMER STAPLES current assessment rate 22% know after GST it’s 18% .

Positive for – Asian paints,Dabur,HUL,EMAMI


3) CONSUMER DISCRETIONARY current 15% after GST 18%

NEGATIVE for Jubilant Food works,Coffe Day ,and Restaurant Businesses.

4)MEDIA – current Tax 15% administration charge and 7% excitement Tax by State’s know After GST it will be 18%


5) TELECOM current Tax 15% After GST 18% may see negligible plunge in utilization as expense ascend from 15% to 18%

6)AUTO INDUSTRIES current Tax 27% after GST it will be 18% .


7)METALS – current TAX 18% after GST 18% no significant effect

8) CEMENT – current Tax 27% by and large after GST it will be 18%

POSITIVE for Ultra tech cement,shree cement,ambuja concrete and so forth.

9) PHARMA – current Tax 15% after GST it will be 18% .

NEGATIVE for Pharma organizations.

10) REAL ESTATE – 15% to 16% Stamp obligation so no significant effect on REAL ESTATE organizations.

11) LOGISTICS – significantly advantages to logistics part no effect of GST

POSITIVE for – Container Corp, GATI etc…!.