Republic Day (India)

Republic Day honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.[1]

The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.

It is one of three national holidays in India, the other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti.

History of Republic Day
India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful non-violent resistance and civil disobedience led by Mahatma Gandhi. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c 30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations): India and Pakistan.[2] India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and the Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. The country, though, did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr B R Ambedkar as chairman. While India’s Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution. A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947.[3] The Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later, it came into effect throughout the whole nation.

Celebrations

President Rajendra Prasad (in the horse-drawn carriage) readies to take part in the first Republic Day parade on Rajpath, New Delhi, in 1950.
The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonious parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a tribute to India; its unity in diversity and rich cultural heritage.

In 2016, on the occasion of the 67th Republic Day, the Protocol Department of the Government of Maharashtra held its first parade on the lines of the Delhi Republic Day parade along the entire stretch of Marine Drive in Mumbai.

Since 1950, India has been hosting head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honor for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi. During 1950ā€“1954, Republic Day celebrations were organised at different venues (like Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds).[8] It was only starting 1955 when the parade in its present form was organised at Rajpath.[8] The guest country is chosen after a deliberation of strategic, economic and political interests. During 1950sā€“1970s, a number of NAM and Eastern Bloc countries were hosted by India. In 1968 and 1974, India played host to two countries on the same Republic Day.

What is Democracy?

Meaning of Democracy

Vote based system is gotten from the Greek words demos (individuals) and kratos (run the show). It implies an administration that is governed by the residents of the general public. Individuals vote on issues as a gathering.

Elements of Democratic Government :

Agents are chosen by the general population.

Each subject is permitted to vote in the decisions.

Everybody has the same political rights, whatever their pay, race, religion, and so forth

The greater part party settles on the choices however singular rights (the right to speak freely) are likewise secured.

Certain limitations are set on legislators’ forces and they must be in office for a constrained measure of time.

Sorts of Democracy

Coordinate Democracy

Every native votes on terrifically essential matters.

Switzerland has a direct popularity based government. Residents can acknowledge or dismiss choices made by the authoritative body.

This sort of popular government is reasonable for little states with few individuals. Assume you choose to frame a club. You and alternate individuals choose that every one of you will vote on matters concerning the club. This is a case of direct majority rule government.

Delegate Democracy

Assuming your club has such a variety of individuals that all of you can’t meet in the meantime, to vote on matters. All of you hold decisions to choose agents like a Director and a Treasurer to run the club on an ordinary premise, on your benefit. This is a case of delegate majority rules system.

In the elected republic of USA, individuals choose the administration authorities who follow up for the benefit of their voting demographics.

History of Democracy

Just government first came into place in Greece.

In the Middle Ages, feudalism permitted individuals to ensure their rights in courts.

Later, the Magna Carta (a British report) had 63 statements that permitted individuals to have a reasonable trial and gave them more power than they had some time recently.

Thomas Jefferson’s “Presentation of Independence” in USA in 1776 made a more grounded and legitimate just government.