STRUCTURE OF INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM

1. STRUCTURE OF INDIAN JUDICIARY AJAY KURIEN

2. The Judiciary of India is an autonomous body and is particular from the Executive and Legislative groups of the Indian Government. The legal arrangement of India is stratified into different levels.

3. STRUCTURE OF INDIAN JUDICIARY

4.Supreme Court of India

 Structure of Indian legal
Structure of Indian legal

5. The Supreme Court
• The Indian Judicial System has the Supreme Court of India at its helm, which at present is found just in the capital city of Delhi, with no seats in any piece of the country, and is directed by the Chief Justice of India.
• The Supreme Court of India has numerous Benches for the prosecution, and this zenith court is the last court of allowable Appeal, as well as manages interstate matters, and matters including more than one state, and the matters between the Union Government and any one or more states, as the matters on its unique side. The President of India can simply look for discussion and direction including the conclusion of the peak court and its judges. This court likewise has forces to rebuff anyone for its own disdain.
• The biggest seat of the Supreme Court of India is known as the Constitution Bench and contains 5 or 7 judges, contingent upon the significance joined of the matters before it, and also the work heap of the court

6. The High Court
The High Courts are additionally termed as the courts of value, and can be drawn closer in writs not just for infringement of key rights under the procurements of Article 32 of the Indian constitution, additionally for some other rights under Article 226 of the Constitution, and under its forces to regulate over all its subordinate courts falling inside of the physical locale of the same under Article 227 of the Constitution. Truth be told, when clearly there is no powerful cure accessible to a man in value, it can simply move the High Court in a proper writ.
• High Courts outline their own particular guidelines, and organize to execute them yet under specific procurements of Law, the High Courts have the customary unique common jurisdiction.
• Many times the High Courts have simultaneous ward alongside its subordinate courts, for successful cure at the most punctual.

7. All the High Courts have distinctive division seats in diverse parts of the particular states for speedier less expensive and viable administering of equity. Each State has a High Court, which works under the immediate direction and supervision of the Supreme Court of India, and is the highest court in that state, and for the most part the last court of normal requests.

8. Locale Courts The most elevated court in every region is that of the District and Sessions Judge. This is the main court of unique common ward other than High Court of the State and which infers its locale in common matters fundamentally from the code of common methodology. The area court is likewise a court of Sessions when it practices its ward on criminal matters under Code of Criminal methodology. The locale court is managed by one District Judge selected by the state Government. Notwithstanding the locale judge there may be number of Additional District Judges and Assistant District Judges relying upon the workload.

9. Be that as it may, the region judge has supervisory control over Additional and Assistant District Judges, including choices on distribution of work among them. The District and Sessions judge is regularly alluded to as “region judge” when he directs common matters and “sessions judge” when he manages criminal matters.
• The locale judge is likewise called “Metropolitan session judge” when he is managing a region court in a city which is assigned “Metropolitan zone” by the state Government. Different courts subordinated to region court in the Metropolitan region are additionally alluded to with “metropolitan” prefixed to the typical assignment. A territory is assigned a metropolitan range by the concerned state Government if populace of the zone surpasses one million.
• Appointment of region judge and other Additional and Assistant region judges is finished by the state Government in counsel with the High court of the state.

10. SATYAMEVA JAYATHE

Objectives of The Criminal Justice System

The main Objectives of Criminal Justice System can be categorized as follows:

  • To prevent the occurrence of crime.
  • To punish the transgressors and the criminals.
  • To rehabilitate the transgressors and the criminals.
  • To compensate the victims as far as possible.
  • To maintain law and order in the society.
  • To deter the offenders from committing any criminal act in the future.

    Criminal Justice System as a Filtering Process

    Key Players in Criminal Justice System :
    >> POLICE
    >> PUBLIC PROSECUTOR
    >> DEFENSE LAWYER
    >> JUDGE

    1) POLICE : Investigate the case,
    Arrest the accused,
    Collect the evidence,
    Keep the peace,
    Prevent crime,
    Provide social services.

    2) PUBLIC PROSECUTOR :

  • Lawyers who represent the state and conduct criminal cases against defendants,
  • The role of the Prosecutor begins once the police filed the chargesheet in the court,
  • The Prosecutor must conduct the prosecution on behalf of the Police investigation,
  • It is his/her duty to present all the facts, witnesses and evidence before the court
  • He/She has the right to a speedy trial

3) DEFENSE LAWYER:

  • Represent the accused after arrest to give advice,
    Investigate details of the offense on behalf of the accused,
  • Discuss the case with the prosecutor and test the strength of the state’s case,
  • Represent the accused at bail hearings,

Represent the accused at trial  Present an appeal.

4) JUDGE :

  • The judge is like an umpire in the Court,
  • The judge hears all the witnesses and see the evidence presented by the both parties,
  • The judge decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent,
  • If the accused is convicted, then the judge pronounces the sentence,
  • He may send the person to jail or impose a fine or both according to the law prescribes

Branches of Criminal Justice System

An Introduction To Criminal Justice System :

Criminal Justice alludes to the organizations/agencies of government accused of implementing law, adjudicating crime, and correcting criminal behavior. The criminal justice system is basically an instrument of social control: society considers some behaviours so hazardous and destructive that it either entirely controls their event or outlaws them outright. It is the occupation of the organizations of justice to prevent these practices by capturing and punishing transgressors or deterring their future occurrence. In spite of the fact that society maintains different types of social control, for example, the family, school, and church, they are intended to manage good, not lawful, misbehavior.  Just the criminal justice system has the ability to control crime and punish culprits.

Definition :

  1. The term criminal justice refers to the agencies of government charged with enforcing law, adjudicating criminals, and correcting criminal conduct.
  2. A criminal justice system is a set of legal and social institutions for enforcing the criminal law in accordance with a defined set of procedural rules and limitations.
  3. A criminal justice system is a set of legal and social institutions for enforcing the criminal law.
  • The phrase criminal justice system refers to a collection of federal, state, and local public agencies that deal with the crime problem.The Branches of Criminal Justice System :

    1) LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
    2) JUDICIAL BRANCH
    3) THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

    Branches of Criminal Justice System
    Branches of Criminal Justice System

    1) LEGISLATIVE BRANCH :
    It Defines criminal behavior,
    Establishes penalties ,
    Passes laws governing criminal procedure ,
    Provide funding for criminal justice agencies.

    2) JUDICIAL BRANCH :
    The guilt of persons charged with crimes,
    Interpret the law,
    Administers the process by which criminal responsibility is determined.

    3) THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH :
    Executive power is given to the president, governors, and mayors,
    Carries out (executes) many acts of government,
    Holds powers of appointment and Pardons,
    They can lead efforts to improve criminal justice,
    Provides leadership for crime control.

    Related Searches:
    Indian criminal law
    Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013

Civil Services Exam For First Time in City

Surprisingly, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil administrations examination (preparatory) in Mysuru. The current year’s examination will be held the nation over, incorporating 11 centres in the city, on Sunday.

A sum of 4606 candidates are expected to appear for the examination in Mysuru. The examination will be held in two sessions – from 9.30am to 11.30am and 2.30pm to 4.30 pm.

Civil Services Exam
Civil Services Exam

According to direction of the UPSC, the area organization has trained applicants not to convey any specialized gadgets like cell telephones to the examination focus. Police will be conveyed at the examination centres and candidates will be searched before appearing for the examination. The district organization has made extensive courses of action for the examination and has delegated invigilators to check acts of neglect/malpractices.

Related Search:
Civil Services Examination

Civil Aviation Ministry Directs Hybrid Till

Civil ministry directs hybrid till for GHIAL :

GMR Infrastructure said that the Civil Aviation Ministry has coordinated the airplane terminal tax controller AERA to receive a Hybrid Till with 30 % cross endowment for the levy determination of GMR Hyderabad International Airport Limited (GHIAL).

hyderabad international airport

The airplane terminal administrator includes a part of the non-aeronautical (obligation free shops, lodging, restaurant, among others) income and the aggregate income from the aeronautical (landing, stopping and ground taking care of charges) side to order all out profit. In addition, under the model, the aeronautical rates are settled on the premise of aggregate profit.

“The Ministry vide its request dated June 11, 2015 has coordinated Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) under area 42(2) of AERA Act, 2008 to receive a Hybrid Till with 30 percent cross endowment for the tax determination of GMR Hyderabad International Airport Limited (GHIAL),” GMR Infrastructure said in administrative recording. The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, which is an auxiliary of GMR Infrastructure, at Shamshabad (Hyderabad) has been manufactured and worked by GHIAL. AERA had passed a request on February 24 a year ago, deciding the duty of GHIAL considering a solitary till technique of levy determination. There are three models to compute charges at the airplane terminals – single till, twofold till and half breed till. In the single-till model, both aeronautical and non-aeronautical charges are considered to ascertain the air terminal charges while in the twofold till model, aeronautical charges are figured on the premise of incomes from aeronautical and non-aeronautical charges on the premise of accumulations from non-aeronautical. Airplane terminals procure non-aeronautical incomes, for example, rentals from retail outlets and air terminal stopping charges, other than aeronautical incomes from flight operations. Single Till being not in accordance with the concession assention, GHIAL had advanced against the AERA request by recording a writ appeal in the Andhra Pradesh High Court. After different hearings, the AP High Court had guided the Ministry of Civil Aviation to pass a request on the suitable Till strategy to be utilized for duty determination of GHIAL, GMR Infrastructure said in the recording.