ADP :- Assistant Director of Prosecution.
APP :- Assistant Public Prosecutor.
CC No :- Calendar Case. Number.
CJM :- Chief Judicial Magistrate.
DDP :- Deputy Director of Prosecution.
DJ :- District Judge.
DW :- Defense Witness.
FTC :- Fast Track Court.
JM :- Judicial Magistrate.
MC :- Magisterial Clerk.
NBW :- Non Bailable Warrant.
PP :- Public Prosecutor.
PRC No. :- Preliminary Registration Case Number.
PT :- Pending Trial.
PT Warrant :- Prisoner Transfer Warrant.
PW :- Prosecution Witness.
SC No. :- Sessions Case Number.
STC No :- Summary Trial Case Number.

1.Taken on file

2. Apperence of accused

3. For copies

4. For charge frame

5. For trial Examination of pw1 to io

6. 313 Crpc Questioning

7. Arguments on both side

8. Judgement

1. CC- Calender case

2. STC- Summery trial case

3. PRC- Priliminary register case

4. SC- Sessions case

5. JC- Journial case

255 Crpc In STC case

248 Crpc In CC case

235 Crpc In SC case

317 Crpc – Petition filied for absence of accused

207 Crpc – For copies

311 Crpc – To recall witness at any stage after trial

91 Crpc – To produce documents

205 Crpc – Apperence dispence of accused

239 Crpc – Discharge of accused

257 Crpc – withdrawal of complaint

301 Crpc – To assisting the prosecution

302 Crpc – Private prosecution

156(3) Crpc – Direction to register a case

173(5)(8) Crpc – Additional documents to be filed after filing a charge sheet

167(2) Crpc Bail in mandatory provision in Sessions case -90days Below 3 years punishment cases – 60

437 Crpc Lower court bail

438 Crpc sessions bail / Anticipatory bail

439 Crpc High court bail
Txerms used in Investigation and Police Records :-

AR Copy :- Accident Register Copy.
CD :- Case Diary.
Cr.No. :- Crime Number.
FIR :- First Information Report.
FP :- Finger Print.
FR :- Final Report.
IO :- Investigation Officer.
IP :- In Patient.
LCD :- Last Case Diary.
MO :- Modus Offender.
MO :- Medical Officer.
PM :- Post Mortem.
PMC :- Post Mortem Certificate.
PNR :- Prisoner Nominal Roll.(Prison Record ).
RCS :- Referred Charge Sheet.
r/w :- Read with.
Sec. :- Section.
SOC :- Scene of Crime.
UI :- Under Investigation.
u/s :- Under Section.
WC :- Wound Certificate.
AD :- Action Dropped.
UN :- Undetected.
MF :- Mistake of Fact.
ML :- Mistake of Law.
CSR :- Community Service Register.
GCR :- Grave Crime Report or General Conviction Register.
GD :- General. Diary.
LLI :- Loose Leaf Index.
OP :- Out Post / Out Patient.
PSR :- Prisoners Search Register.
SHO :- Station House Officer.
SHR :- Station House Report.
BC :- Bad Character.
DC :- Dossier Criminal.
HO :- Habitual Offender.
HS :- History Sheet.
KD :- Known Depredator.
LFO :- Local First Offender.
LKD :- Local Known Depredator.
NLFO :- Non Local First Offender.
NLKD :- Non Local Known Depredator.
L & O :- Law and Order.
OD :- Other Duty.
PSO :- Police Standing Order / Personnel Security Officer.
ID :- Illicit Distillation.
IMFL :- Indian Made Foreign Liquor.
IMFS :- Indian Made Foreign Sprit.
GSE :- Good Service Entry.
MSE :- Meritorious Service Entry.

The maximum per hearing fee permitted by SC

Did you know the maximum per hearing fee permitted by SC is Rs 8000?

Late MC Setalvad is recognized as a stalwart supporter for his lawful discernment as well as for his carefully holding fast as far as possible set by the Supreme Court Rules also. Yes, the most extreme he charged in his lifetime per hearing was Rs 1600. Likewise for the work law mammoth M. K. Ramamurthy who what’s more never showed up for administrations. He took a principled stand – he couldn’t rage against the same administration from which he had taken expenses whenever he showed up for the work. He favored in this way to speak to work all through his vocation.

Representational image. AFP

Today first rate advocates charge anything between Rs 10 lakh to Rs 1 crore and more for each hearing, with Harish Salve gladly announcing in a Times Now indicate over a year back that he was the nation’s most elevated charging advocate. Late Justice VR Krishna Iyer called Rs 25000 for each hearing in those days as extravagant. His head may squirm and turn uncomfortably in his grave if told about the present rate.

Representational picture. AFPRepresentational picture. AFP

The Supreme Court Rules 2013 grant a greatest of Rs 8000 for each hearing. Clearly the standard is rehearsed more in rupture than in consistence. It is maybe implied for those defendants who can’t manage the cost of top legal advisors and settle for the ones accessible under the SC lawful guide plan. Why the impoverished, not even the humbly rich can manage the cost of such personality boggling expenses unless the stakes are high.

The greater part of the customers who can bear the cost of are corporates with profound pockets. The Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi, himself a fruitful corporate legal advisor till he suspended his sufficient private practice, is apparently annoyed by the tardy strategies received by the lawful hawks and influenced the Apex Court to force overwhelming fines on organizations doing as such furthermore those seeking after vexatious prosecutions. The outcome is the Supreme Court as of late slapped a heavy punishment of Rs 50 lakh on a huge number of organizations including Star India and tailed it up with Rs 25 lakh on another group of errant organizations. The rationale is whether you can manage the cost of extravagant expenses to legal advisors, you should hack up for lawful guide. Sufficiently reasonable.

Be that as it may, then how to control the legal counselor charges? Should Parliament administer on it? On the off chance that it does, there would a cry of dissent. Drug costs can be controlled yet not proficient charges would be the priggish hold back. Could the super cine stars and IPL cricketers be requested that acknowledge an administration altered charge? No chance.

The business sector compels however can be relied on to control the legal counselor insatiability, in a manner of speaking. In the USA, legal counselors perpetually take a rate of the grant sum in property suits and remuneration claims. The Indian law disallows both contracted bookkeepers and legal advisors from taking commission based compensation. While that is all together for CAs who generally would see righteousness in raising benefits through astute if sharp bookkeeping hones, there is no motivation behind why legal advisors ought to be so hamstrung.

Truth be told the law ought to effectively energize result arranged compensation for legal advisors. To begin with, there is an impetus to buckle down for the customer. In the event that you lose because of terrible backing or certainties being stacked up against you or both, you don’t get anything. Stella, the 79 year old lady whose thighs were singed by sizzling McDonald espresso got walloping US $ 2.86 million remuneration simply because the adequately incentivized legal advisors buckled down for it. There is nothing incorrectly or corrupt in an expense legal counselor taking Rs 10 lakh charge after he wins a Rs 1 crore charge discount claim.

It has to be sure got everything pulling out all the stops. Time taken would be less in light of the fact that the legal counselors would not take suspensions at the drop of the cap. Per listening to expense makes them self-satisfied and imbues a component of self-enthusiasm for delaying the case. Besides, even moderately less rich individuals can manage the cost of the administrations of value, choice legal counselors in light of the fact that the topic of expenses would emerge just on winning the suit.

The Supreme Court just imposed costs of 25 lac on the “rich and powerful”

The Supreme Court of India has forced expenses of 25 lac on three gatherings for “misuse of legal procedure” according to this PTI report on NDTV.

The gatherings incorporates a German organization Messer Griesham GmbH (MGG) other than another organization Goyal Gasses Limited (GGL) and a gathering of persons known as Ruias.

The judgment was rendered by Justices Jasti Chelameswar and AM Sapre in a question starting in the buy of shares by GmbH and the complaint to the same by Goyal Gasses. A labyrinth of prosecution resulted for a long time coming full circle in this judgment by the Supreme Court.

Various senior direction and law offices have showed up in the matter including any semblance of Fali Nariman, Anil Divan, Dhruv Mehta, S Ganesh, Rohit Kapadia and legal advisors from Karanjawala and Co.

The court inferred that the ‘net impact of the case’ was the use of ‘impressive legal time’ on the matter. The court likewise called attention to the way that 18 working days of the court was spent on listening to the case “as though this Court were a Court of Original Jurisdiction attempting the different aforementioned suits.”

“… The moment SLPs emerge out of different interlocutory procedures. Contentions were progressed on either side for a time of around 18 working days as though this Court were a Court of Original Jurisdiction attempting the different aforementioned suits. The reality remains that in none of the suits even issues have been encircled in this way. The educated direction showing up for the gatherings eagerly asked that there ought to be an absolution to the case and along these lines this Court ought to look at each inquiry of actuality and law hurled by the tremendous case. We trust that it is just the gatherings who are to be rebuked for the situation.

This case, in our perspective, is a great case of the misuse of the legal procedure by corrupt disputants with cash control, all for the sake of lawful rights by falling back on misleading statements, misdirecting representations and concealment of realities. Every last gathering is blameworthy of either of the aforementioned unfortunate activities..”

The Court descended upon the “rich and effective” for squandering the season of the Court under Article 136, time which it felt could have been spent on additionally meriting cases.

“This case ought to likewise serve as evidence of the misuse of the optional Jurisdiction of this Court under Article 136 by the rich and effective for the sake of a ‘battle for equity’ at every last interlocutory stride of a suit. Colossal measure of legal time of this Court and two High Courts was spent on this case. The vast majority of it is avoidable and could have been well spent on additionally meriting cases.”

It, in this manner, continued to force expenses of Rs. 25 lakhs each on 3 parties. The said sum must be paid to the National Legal Services Authority.

“We in this manner, consider it suitable to force model expenses measured at Rs.25,00,000.00 (Rupees Twenty Five Lakhs just) to be paid by each of the three gatherings i.e. GGL, MGG and RUIAS.

The said sum is to be paid to National Legal Services Authority as remuneration for the loss of legal time of this nation and the same might be used by the National Legal Services Authority to store poor defendants to seek after their cases under the watchful eye of this Court in meriting cases.”

Read the judgment below.

Odd-even can’t be implemented permanently, clarifies Kejriwal

Delhi’s 25 million inhabitants woke up in the new year on Friday doing the math as the Capital set out on a radical examination for the following two weeks when occupants will be permitted to drive their autos just on exchange days.

Delhi boss priest Arvind Kejriwal on Friday said it was unrealistic to execute the odd-even movement apportioning plan on a lasting premise.

“It is unrealistic to execute the plan for all time,” Kejriwal told CNN-IBN. “These weapons are utilized on transitory premise to check unsafe levels of contamination.”

He said the plan would be by and by till January 15. “A choice on whether to proceed with it or not will be taken strictly when January 15.”

The odd-even plan that permits odd and even-numbered private vehicles to utilize on city streets on exchange days goes for diminishing air contamination levels.

Gopal Rai goes by transport; Kejriwal calls odd-even a win

Kejriwal, who carpooled with transport clergyman Gopal Rai and wellbeing pastor Satyendra Jain to Delhi Secratariat on Friday morning, said he was “overpowered” by the reaction of individuals towards the odd-even plan in New Delhi. The plan has been fruitful in this way, the Aam Aadmi Party convenor said.

“I am really overpowered by the reaction we have gotten as such. There are less even-numbered autos on the streets,” Kejriwal said.

He said the general population of Delhi acknowledged the plan “entire heartedly”, including: “I am certain that in next five years individuals will demonstrate the best approach to rest of the nation.”

Embedded image permalink

On Friday, most cars appeared to be following the rules and traffic was a tiny trickle compared to the usual rush-hour chaos. But with all schools and colleges and many offices shut, the traffic volumes were not truly indicative of the plan’s success.
Top politicians, judges, police and prison officials, women and sick people and motorbikes are exempt from the new rules.
AAP volunteers hand out roses to Delhi’s odd-even violators
10 am As the much-debated odd-even rule kicked in, pollution meters have been put up at several places across the city while Aam Aadmy Party leaders were seen carpooling and travelling to work on bikes. Several civil defence volunteers were seen holding placards and giving roses to violators of the odd-even rule.

Source :

Related Link:
Vehicle registration plates of India
Delhi will restrict cars from Jan 1 to cut pollution

New Traffic Rule in Delhi

Delhi will restrict cars from Jan 1 to cut pollution

The Delhi government declared on Friday every private car and bike will be permitted on the city’s streets just every other day from next year in a bid to even the odds stacked against authorities in their efforts to clean up the Capital’s toxic air.

New Traffic Rule in Delhi

Private vehicles will be permitted to keep running in the city on substitute days relying upon whether their licence plates end in even or odd numbers, the administration announced a day after it confronted feedback from the Delhi high court over the city’s mounting pollution problem.

The technique, all the more regularly known as street space apportioning, is followed in different structures over the world, however specialists said execution could prove to be a major challenge as well over two million vehicles would have to be kept off the roads consistently

“We are looking at executing this plan in a city where nobody is prepared to follow basic traffic rules,” said a senior government official on condition of anonymity.

Delhi traffic rules and regulations

The model is as of now in power in Beijing, which Delhi surpassed a year ago to be positioned as the world’s most dirtied city in a WHO report.

Read: Pollution up seven-fold in Delhi since October 1: CSE

The choice taken at a meeting headed by boss clergyman Arvind Kejriwal won’t have any significant bearing to CNG-driven transports, taxis, auto-rickshaws and crisis vehicles yet will cover autos entering Delhi from different states.

Authorities say even-numbered autos will be permitted to keep running on even days and odd-numbered ones on odd days.

A board of trustees including individuals from the earth office, activity police, transport office and the divisional chief will choose how the arrangement will be actualized.

Till then, activity police may get break forces to punish errant drivers under the new run the show.

Till then, traffic police may get interim powers to penalise errant drivers under the new rule.

The clearing move, similar to the one embraced by Beijing in 2008 in front of the Olympics, will apply to a vast majority of almost nine million vehicles enlisted in Delhi, which adds around 1,500 new vehicles to its streets consistently.

The city’s vehicular populace, which causes stifling jams on all weekdays, incorporates around 2.7 million autos.

Read | Traffic proportioning: Rules different nations took after to cut contamination

The administration additionally reported a large number of different measures that could control air contamination, including ceasing roadside stopping to fight blockage, an enhancing the general population transportation framework and conveying cleaner fuel to the city before whatever is left of the nation.

The city likewise plans to close down one of its most established and minimum productive warm power plants. The Badarpur plant, authorized in the mid 1970s, uses obsolete hardware and regularly separates.

Movement police will likewise be advised to guarantee that diesel-swallowing trucks, which travel through the city around evening time, enter strictly when 11pm. Right now trucks are permitted to enter the city at 9pm, regularly bringing about huge car influxes.

It was not instantly clear when the measures would produce results or precisely to what extent they would proceed.

Read: Smog, toxic air plays havoc with sporting events in New Delhi
Earlier this year the city ordered all private cars older than 10 years to be taken off the roads, becoming the second major city in the world to do so after Beijing.

Last year, the World Health Organization named the Indian capital as the world’s most polluted, with 12 other Indian cities ranking among the worst 20.

In November and early December the city’s air quality slumped to hazardous levels, with levels of PM2.5 pollutants, the very fine particles that get lodged inside the lungs and cause the most damage, soaring to 12 times above WHO’s safety level of 25 micrograms per cubic meter.

The city has been blanketed in grey smog, and while there is no reliable data on respiratory diseases, most doctors in the capital report a sharp spike in pollution-related illness during the winter months.

Branches of Criminal Justice System

An Introduction To Criminal Justice System :

Criminal Justice alludes to the organizations/agencies of government accused of implementing law, adjudicating crime, and correcting criminal behavior. The criminal justice system is basically an instrument of social control: society considers some behaviours so hazardous and destructive that it either entirely controls their event or outlaws them outright. It is the occupation of the organizations of justice to prevent these practices by capturing and punishing transgressors or deterring their future occurrence. In spite of the fact that society maintains different types of social control, for example, the family, school, and church, they are intended to manage good, not lawful, misbehavior.  Just the criminal justice system has the ability to control crime and punish culprits.

Definition :

  1. The term criminal justice refers to the agencies of government charged with enforcing law, adjudicating criminals, and correcting criminal conduct.
  2. A criminal justice system is a set of legal and social institutions for enforcing the criminal law in accordance with a defined set of procedural rules and limitations.
  3. A criminal justice system is a set of legal and social institutions for enforcing the criminal law.
  • The phrase criminal justice system refers to a collection of federal, state, and local public agencies that deal with the crime problem.The Branches of Criminal Justice System :


    Branches of Criminal Justice System
    Branches of Criminal Justice System

    It Defines criminal behavior,
    Establishes penalties ,
    Passes laws governing criminal procedure ,
    Provide funding for criminal justice agencies.

    The guilt of persons charged with crimes,
    Interpret the law,
    Administers the process by which criminal responsibility is determined.

    Executive power is given to the president, governors, and mayors,
    Carries out (executes) many acts of government,
    Holds powers of appointment and Pardons,
    They can lead efforts to improve criminal justice,
    Provides leadership for crime control.

    Related Searches:
    Indian criminal law
    Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013