objectives of the criminal justice system

Objectives of The Criminal Justice System

The main Objectives of Criminal Justice System can be categorized as follows:

  • To prevent the occurrence of crime.
  • To punish the transgressors and the criminals.
  • To rehabilitate the transgressors and the criminals.
  • To compensate the victims as far as possible.
  • To maintain law and order in the society.
  • To deter the offenders from committing any criminal act in the future.

    Criminal Justice System as a Filtering Process

    Key Players in Criminal Justice System :
    >> POLICE
    >> PUBLIC PROSECUTOR
    >> DEFENSE LAWYER
    >> JUDGE

    1) POLICE : Investigate the case,
    Arrest the accused,
    Collect the evidence,
    Keep the peace,
    Prevent crime,
    Provide social services.

    2) PUBLIC PROSECUTOR :

  • Lawyers who represent the state and conduct criminal cases against defendants,
  • The role of the Prosecutor begins once the police filed the chargesheet in the court,
  • The Prosecutor must conduct the prosecution on behalf of the Police investigation,
  • It is his/her duty to present all the facts, witnesses and evidence before the court
  • He/She has the right to a speedy trial

3) DEFENSE LAWYER:

  • Represent the accused after arrest to give advice,
    Investigate details of the offense on behalf of the accused,
  • Discuss the case with the prosecutor and test the strength of the state’s case,
  • Represent the accused at bail hearings,

Represent the accused at trial  Present an appeal.

4) JUDGE :

  • The judge is like an umpire in the Court,
  • The judge hears all the witnesses and see the evidence presented by the both parties,
  • The judge decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent,
  • If the accused is convicted, then the judge pronounces the sentence,
  • He may send the person to jail or impose a fine or both according to the law prescribes

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