A high amount of knowledge and voluminous literature is available on sex discrimination in India over the last 20 years. Also, definite measurements about sex proportion from different sources exist.
Understanding the method of reasoning behind pre-birth sex determination is undoubtedly key to unraveling the progress of sex proportion in India.
Analysis also points to the positive linkage between abnormal sex ratio and better socio-economic status and literacy. Child Sex ratio is not lowest in poor tribal districts or other backward areas, but in prosperous Western Maharashtra and other economically empowered districts. It is essential to raise awareness and seek attitudinal and behavior changes to tackle the problem.
Implications of Sex Selective Abortion:
- Potential consequences are Increase in violence against women and denial of basic right to them.
- Increase in sex related crime.
- Adverse impact on reproductive health of
women because of repeated pregnancy and
- Adverse impact on mental health of women as
they are normally blamed for their inability to
Literacy and job programs as well as increased. access to higher education for women are vital in empowering women and increasing their status. Public education campaigns are also an important part of the equation. Although eradicating sex selective abortion may seem like a daunting task in a country with such limited resources, it is a vitally important one, morally, socially and economically. To tackle the problem it is essential to raise awareness and seek attitudinal and behaviour change.
Source : pravara.com/pmr/pmr-1-1-2.pdf
Special Act of 1870
In 1870, John Strachey demonstrated his acclaimed Bill against Female Infanticide on these Punjab regulations, which was made appropriate in the North West Frontier Province, the Punjab and Oudh. This bill, which came to be known as the Special Act of 1870, proposed a developed police power, expanded observation, general and careful registration and confinements on marriage costs.
After an exhaustive statistics in 1872, it was chosen that those factions which had an extent of young ladies under 40 percent of the aggregate populace will be announced blameworthy of the wrongdoing of female child murder. Families which had a rate of young ladies beneath 25 percent of the populace were proclaimed exceptionally liable. These correctional procurements ended up being extremely powerful by and by. By 1905, the administrations of the United Provinces, Agra and Oudh (once the North Western Frontier Province) were of the assessment that the Special Act of 1870 was no more required since ‘one of the most exceedingly bad social wrongdoings had been stamped out’. The Act was at long last pulled back in the year 1906.
Source : legalservicesindia.com/article/article/sex-determination-and-pre-natal-diagnostic-technique-act-of-1994-1896-1.html